Vaping nicotine and stress

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Vaping nicotine can increase feelings of stress and anxiety. 

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Source 1:

SOURCE 1: Parrott, A. Nicotine psychobiology: How chronic-dose prospective studies can illuminate some of the theoretical issues from acute-dose research. Psychopharmacology. 2006.184. 567-76; SOURCE 2: Holliday E, Gould TJ. Nicotine, adolescence, and stress: A review of how stress can modulate the negative consequences of adolescent nicotine abuse. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2016;65:173-184; SOURCE 3: Mitic WR et al. Perceived Stress and Adolescents’ Cigarette Use. Psychol Reports. 1985;57(3_suppl):1043-1048; SOURCE 4: Morel C, et al. Nicotinic receptors mediate stress-nicotine detrimental interplay via dopamine cells’ activity. 2018. Mol Psychiatry 23, 1597–1605.

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Vaping

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