One cigarette butt soaked in a liter of water killed half of the fish exposed in a study in a laboratory setting.
Slaughter, Elli, et al."Toxicity of cigarette butts, and their chemical components, to marine and freshwater fish." Tobacco Control. 2011. Web.http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/20/Suppl_1/i25.full
One cigarette company biologically engineered tobacco plants to have twice the normal level of nicotine.
Source: "A Report of the Surgeon General." U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Center for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health. Other Effects. 2004: 616. Report.
American Spirits are marketed as additive-free. Yet their warning label states: "No additives in our tobacco does NOT mean a safer cigarette." So they literally produce American spirits. As in, dead people.
Source: Pearson JL, Johnson A, Villanti A, et al Misperceptions of harm among Natural American Spirit smokers: results from wave 1 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) study (2013–2014) Tobacco Control Published Online First: 06 December 2016.
Acetic Acid is found in cigarettes. Acetic Acid is also found in floor wipes.
Source: "Smoking and Tobacco Control." U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute. Risks Associated with Smoking Cigarettes with Low Machine-Measured Yields of Tar and Nicotine, Oct. 2001.
Chemicals that seep out of cigarette butts can be acutely toxic to fish and micro-organisms.
Source: Micevska, T., et al. "Variation in, and Causes of, Toxicity of Cigarette Butts to a Cladoceran and Microtox." Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 50(2). Feb. 2006: 205-12. Web.
Nicotine is as addictive as heroin, cocaine and alcohol.
Source: "International Symposium on Nicotine: The Effects of Nicotine on Biological Systems II." Google Books. Ed. Clarke, P.B.S., et al., 1994. Web.
Flavored cigs were banned in 2009 because they appealed to kids. Since, the # of “flavored cigars” on the market has more than doubled. Coincidence?
Source: "Flavored Tobacco Products Attract Kids." Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, 20 April 2017.
Toxins seep out of cigarette butts, which contaminate water.
Source: Barnes, Richard L. “Regulating the Disposal of Cigarette Butts as Toxic Hazardous Waste.” Tobacco Control 20.Suppl_1 (2011): i45–i48. PMC. Web. 22 Mar. 2017.
Secondhand smoke causes more than 41,000 deaths among nonsmoking adults every single year.
Source: “Get the Facts.” Smoke-Free ATL - Everyone in ATL Has the Right to Breathe Smoke-Free Air. 2018.
599 additives are on the composite list released to the government in 1994 by tobacco companies of what may be added to cigarettes. This list includes all ingredients that are used although it does not tell which companies they are used by or which brands they are used in. 2-Naphthylamine, 4-Aminobiphenyl, Benzene, Vinyl Chloride, Ethylene Oxide, Arsenic, Beryllium, Nickel, Chromium (only hexavalent), Cadmium, and Polonium-210 are human carcinogens found in tobacco smoke.
Source: "Smoking and Tobacco Control." U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD. Risks Associated with Smoking Cigarettes with Low Machine-Measured Yields of Tar and Nicotine. 19 Nov. 2001: 176-80.
Cinnamaldehyde is found in cigarettes. Cinnamaldehyde is also found in pet repellant.
Source: "PM USA Cigarette Tobacco & Flavor Ingredients." Altria. 1. Web.
Some studies have found vapes to contain lead, nickel, tin, silver, formaldehyde, manganese, toluene, and other chemicals linked to cancer and central nervous system problems.
Source: Williams, M., Villarreal, A., Bozhilov, K., Lin, S., & Talbot, P. (n.d.). Metal and silicate particles including nanoparticles are present in electronic cigarette cartomizer fluid and aerosol. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23526962
E-cigarettes are smoke-free and tobacco-free, but not all are nicotine-free even though some claim to be.
Source: "The Truth About: Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems." Truth Initiative.