The opioid mortality rate increased as the U.S. life expectancy rate decreased.
Xu JQ, Murphy SL, Kochanek KD, Bastian B,Arias E. Deaths: Final data for 2016. National Vital Statistics Reports; vol 67 no 5. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2018.https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr67/nvsr67_05.pdf
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Multiple Cause of Death 1999-2016 on CDC WONDER Online Database, released December, 2017. Data are from the Multiple Cause of Death Files, 1999-2016, as compiled from data provided by the 57 vital statistics jurisdictions through the Vital Statistics Cooperative Programhttp://wonder.cdc.gov/mcd- icd10.html