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The Facts

Nothin’ but the cold, hard, truth.

  • Fact #21

    Cigarette smoke contains about 7000 chemicals.

    Fact #21

    • ingredients
    • big tobacco
    • cigarettes
    • science

    Cigarette smoke contains about 7000 chemicals.

    Source:

    U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Smoking: 50 Years of Progress. A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2014

    URL: http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/reports/50-years-of-progress/sgr50-chap-10.pdf
  • Fact #168

    Every day, tobacco-related disease kills about 553 women in the US.

    Fact #168

    • women
    • stats
    • death

    Every day, tobacco-related disease kills about 553 women in the US.

    Source:

    201,770 / 365 = 552.8
    U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Smoking: 50 Years of Progress. A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2014. Printed with corrections, January 2014.

    URL: http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/reports/50-years-of-progress/sgr50-chap-12.pdf
  • Fact #43

    Hydrogen cyanide is in tobacco smoke. Hydrogen cyanide exposure causes cardiovascular and respiratory illness.

    Fact #43

    • ingredients
    • disease

    Hydrogen cyanide is in tobacco smoke. Hydrogen cyanide exposure causes cardiovascular and respiratory illness.

    Source:

    Hydrogen cyanide is in tobacco smoke

    NCI. Risks Associated with Smoking Cigarettes with Low Machine-Measured Yields of Tar and Nicotine. Smoking and Tobacco Control Monograph No. 13. Bethesda, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute, NIH Pub. No. 02-5074, October 2001.

    URL: http://cancercontrol.cancer.gov/tcrb/monographs/13/m13_complete.pdf
    Source:

    Hydrogen cyanide cardiovascular and respiratory effects

    US Department of Health and Human Services. Medical Management Guidelines for Hydrogen Cyanide.

    URL: http://1.usa.gov/15NIgL1
  • Fact #270

    The more 10-14 year olds in the U.S. see smoking in movies, the more likely they are to start smoking.

    Fact #270

    • celebrity
    • entertainment
    • movie

    The more 10-14 year olds in the U.S. see smoking in movies, the more likely they are to start smoking.

    Source:

    U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Preventing Tobacco Use Among Youth and Young Adults: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2012

  • Fact #155

    In 1989, millions of cases of imported fruit were banned after a small amount of cyanide was found in just two grapes. There's 33 times more cyanide in a single cigarette than was found in both of those grapes.

    Fact #155

    • ingredients
    • cigarettes

    In 1989, millions of cases of imported fruit were banned after a small amount of cyanide was found in just two grapes. There's 33 times more cyanide in a single cigarette than was found in both of those grapes.

    Source:

    American Legacy Foundation Online Tobacco Documents Database. EIU Country Report No 2 1989. February 16, 1989. Economic Policy: Interest Rates Are Kept High.

    URL: http://www.legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/rsc80a99/pdf?search=%22chilean%20grapes%22
    Source:

    American Legacy Foundation Online Tobacco Documents Database. St. Louis Post Dispatch. Commentary: When Chemophobia Ruled The Land.

    URL: http://www.legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/llh36e00/pdf?search=%22chilean%20grapes%22
    Source:

    American Legacy Foundation Online Tobacco Documents Database. Security Forecast. April Risk Assessment: Low Throughout the Country. March 17, 1989.

    URL: http://www.legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/psc80a99/pdf?search=%22chilean%20grapes%22
    Source:

    American Legacy Foundation Online Tobacco Documents Database. A Year After Grape Scare, Chilean Fruit Sales Thrive. March 5, 1990.

    URL: http://www.legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/rpw28a99/pdf?search=%22chilean%20grapes%22
    Source:

    perforated cigarette = 201 micrograms.
    Hoffman D, Hoffman I, El-Bayoumy, K. "The Less Harmful Cigarette: A Controversial Issue. A Tribute to Ernst L.Wynder." Chemical Research in Toxicology. The American Chemical Society. 2001, 14(7):767790.

    URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/tx000260u
    Source:

    Math:
    1000 micrograms = 1 milligram
    201 micrograms = .2 milligrams
    x=.2/.006 (because each grape contains .003 milligrams)
    x=33.333
    The amount of cyanide in one cigarette is 33 times the amount in the two grapes.

  • Fact #51

    Maternal smoking during pregnancy and exposure to secondhand smoke in infancy increases the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS).

    Fact #51

    • women
    • death

    Maternal smoking during pregnancy and exposure to secondhand smoke in infancy increases the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS).

    Source:

    U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Smoking: 50 Years of Progress: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2014

    URL: http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/reports/50-years-of-progress/sgr50-chap-12.pdf
  • Fact #130

    Nearly 70% of smokers say they want to quit, but only 6% are able to each year.

    Fact #130

    • stats
    • addiction

    Nearly 70% of smokers say they want to quit, but only 6% are able to each year.

    Source:

    CDC. Cigarette Smoking Among Adults- United States, 2000. MMWR 2002; 51(29): 642-645.

    URL: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5129a3.htm
  • Fact #241

    In a file from 1978, Big Tobacco described cancer as an essential ingredient of life. "Wait, they're talking about cancer, right?

    Fact #241

    • big tobacco
    • quotes
    • cancer

    In a file from 1978, Big Tobacco described cancer as an essential ingredient of life. "Wait, they're talking about cancer, right?

    Source:

    Campbell, J. A Public Relations Strategy for the Tobacco Advisory Council. Legacy Tobacco Document Library; Issued 1978. Bates Number: 2025024115/4137.Page 2

    URL: http://legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/vdj04e00
  • Fact #85

    In 1995, 43% of teens in West Virginia smoked. Today, only 19.6% of teens in West Virginia smoke. Damn, West Virginia teens are killing it at living.

    Fact #85

    • stats
    • youth

    In 1995, 43% of teens in West Virginia smoked. Today, only 19.6% of teens in West Virginia smoke. Damn, West Virginia teens are killing it at living.

    Source:

    CDC's High School Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System; Current Smoking

    URL: http://nccd.cdc.gov/youthonline/App/Results.aspx?LID=WV
    Source:

    1995: 43.0%
    2013: 19.6%

  • Fact #183

    Methanol is found in cigarettes. Methanol is also found in antifreeze.

    Fact #183

    • ingredients
    • cigarettes

    Methanol is found in cigarettes. Methanol is also found in antifreeze.

    Source:

    Methanol is found in antifreeze.

    Medline Plus Encyclopedia."Antifreeze Poisoning". List of Poisonous Ingredients. Updated by Jacob L. Heller, MD, MHA. 7/20/2009.

    URL: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002751.htm
    Source:

    Methanol is found in cigarettes.

    NCI. Risks Associated with Smoking Cigarettes with Low Machine-Measured Yields of Tar and Nicotine. Smoking and Tobacco Control Monograph No. 13. Bethesda, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute, NIH Pub. No 02-5074, October 2001. Page 161.

    URL: http://cancercontrol.cancer.gov/tcrb/monographs/13/m13_complete.pdf
  • Fact #54

    1,893 U.S. smokers died in 2008 from smoking-related atherosclerosis.

    Fact #54

    • stats
    • death
    • disease

    1,893 U.S. smokers died in 2008 from smoking-related atherosclerosis.

    Source:

    CDC. Annual Smoking-Attributable Mortality, Years of Potential Life Lost, and Productivity Losses-- United States, 2000-2004. MMWR 2008; 57(45): 1226-8. Table.

    URL: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5745a3.htm
  • Fact #250

    American Spirits are marketed as additive-free. Yet their warning label states: "No additives in our tobacco does NOT mean a safer cigarette." So they literally produce American spirits. As in, dead people.

    Fact #250

    • ingredients
    • marketing

    American Spirits are marketed as additive-free. Yet their warning label states: "No additives in our tobacco does NOT mean a safer cigarette." So they literally produce American spirits. As in, dead people.

    Source:

    Natural American Spirits cigarettes homepage. No additives in our tobacco does NOT mean safer cigarettes" warning label.

    URL: https://www.nascigs.com/modules/Security/Login.aspx
    Source:

    Print advertising ad

    URL: http://tobacco.stanford.edu/tobacco_main/images_body.php?token1=fm_img3617.php
  • Fact #86

    Higher smoking rates are associated with lower education levels.

    Fact #86

    Higher smoking rates are associated with lower education levels.

    Source:

    CDC. Cigarette Smoking Among Adults and Trends in Smoking Cessation- United States, 2008. MMWR 2009; 58(44): 1227.

    URL: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5844.pdf
  • Fact #269

    Teens who see tobacco use in movies have more positive attitudes towards smoking.

    Fact #269

    • celebrity
    • entertainment
    • movie

    Teens who see tobacco use in movies have more positive attitudes towards smoking.

    Source:

    National Cancer Institute. The Role of the Media in Promoting and Reducing Tobacco Use. Tobacco Control Monograph No. 19. Bethesda, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute. NIH Pub. No. 07-6242, June 2008.

  • Fact #172

    In 1971, when one tobacco executive was reminded that smoking can lead to underweight babies, he said, "Some women would prefer smaller babies."

    Fact #172

    • quotes
    • big tobacco

    In 1971, when one tobacco executive was reminded that smoking can lead to underweight babies, he said, "Some women would prefer smaller babies."

    Source:

    U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Women and Smoking. A report of the Surgeon General. Atlantic, GA. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, March 2001.
    Category: Women. Chapter 3. Page 17

    URL: http://legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/wkg70d00/pdf
    Source:

    (1) U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Smoking. A report of the Surgeon General. Rockville, MD. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2004.
    Category: Reproductive Effects

    URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bookshelf/br.fcgi?book=smokeuse&part=ch5
    • marketing
    • cigarettes
    • ingredients

    Unlike other products, the tobacco industry doesn't need to list ingredients on the label.

    Source:

    NCI. Risks Associated with Smoking Cigarettes with Low Machine-Measured Yields of Tar and Nicotine. Smoking and Tobacco Control Monograph No. 13. Bethesda, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute, NIH Pub. No. 02-5074, October 2001. Page: 175 of 251 in PDF. Fact Created: 11/10/2004

    URL: http://1.usa.gov/KGCnCy
    Source:

    Title 15, Chapter 36 - Cigarette Labeling and Advertising (1335a. List of cigarette ingredients; annual submission to Secretary; transmittal to Congress; confidentiality. Page: 4 to 5 of 7 in PDF.

    Federal Trade Commission Access Date: October 24, 2005

    URL: http://1.usa.gov/OFyIfy"
  • Fact #66

    In the U.S., 26% of middle school, and 21% of high school students who smoke, smoke Newport.

    Fact #66

    • stats
    • cigarettes

    In the U.S., 26% of middle school, and 21% of high school students who smoke, smoke Newport.

    Source:

    CDC. Bloch, A.B., et al. Cigarette Brand Preference Among Middle and High School Students Who Are Established Smokers --- United States, 2004 and 2006
    United States, 2009. February 13, 2009 / 58(05);112-115.

    URL: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5805a3.htm
  • Fact #127

    In just one year, about 31,000 kids lost their dads to tobacco-related disease in the US.

    Fact #127

    • stats
    • death

    In just one year, about 31,000 kids lost their dads to tobacco-related disease in the US.

    Source:

    Leistikow BN, Martin DC, Milano CE, 2000. Estimates of smoking-attributable deaths at ages 15-24, motherless or fatherless youths, and resulting Social Security costs in the United States in 1994. Preventive Medicine, 30(5) 252-360. Page 2 of 4 of PDF.

    URL: http://leistikow.ucdavis.edu/BereftYouths.pdf

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