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The Facts

Nothin’ but the cold, hard, truth.

  • Fact #5

    Of current smokers in the U.S., 358,000 have a cancer other than lung cancer from smoking.

    Fact #5

    • stats
    • cancer
    • disease

    Of current smokers in the U.S., 358,000 have a cancer other than lung cancer from smoking.

    Source:

    CDC. Cigarette Smoking Attributable Morbidity - United States, 2000. MMWR 2003; 52(35) 842-844. Table.

    URL: http://1.usa.gov/MYL9Mg
  • Fact #109

    34.1% of middle school students report seeing advertisements for tobacco products on the Internet.

    Fact #109

    • stats
    • marketing
    • youth

    34.1% of middle school students report seeing advertisements for tobacco products on the Internet.

    Source:

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Tobacco Use, Access, and Exposure to Tobacco in Media Among Middle School and High School Students-- United States, 2004. MMWR 2005;54:297-301.

    URL: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5412a1.htm
  • Fact #72

    Cigarette companies increased its spending on advertisements and promotions from 8.05 billion in 2010 to 8.37 billion in 2011.

    Fact #72

    • big tobacco

    Cigarette companies increased its spending on advertisements and promotions from 8.05 billion in 2010 to 8.37 billion in 2011.

    Source:

    Federal Trade Commission Cigarette Report for 2011. Issued 2013. Washington, DC: Federal Trade Commission.

    URL: http://www.ftc.gov/sites/default/files/documents/reports/federal-trade-commission-cigarette-report-2011/130521cigarettereport.pdf
  • Fact #136

    Tobacco accounts for one out of every ten deaths worldwide and claims nearly 6 million lives each year.

    Fact #136

    • stats
    • death

    Tobacco accounts for one out of every ten deaths worldwide and claims nearly 6 million lives each year.

    • infographic
    • ingredients
    • cigarettes

    Toluene is found in cigarette smoke. Toluene is also found in explosives.

    Source:

    NCI. Risks Associated with Smoking Cigarettes with Low Machine-Measured Yields of Tar and Nicotine. Smoking and Tobacco Control Monograph No. 13. Bethesda, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute, NIH Pub. No. 02-5074, October 2001.

    URL: http://cancercontrol.cancer.gov/tcrb/monographs/13/m13_complete.pdf
    Source:

    US Environmental Protection Agency."Explosives". TNT Production. Organic Chemical Process Industry. Page 1 of PDF.

    URL: http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch06/final/c06s03.pdf
  • Fact #37

    In the US, 130,659 people die each year from smoking-related lung cancer.

    Fact #37

    • stats
    • death
    • disease

    In the US, 130,659 people die each year from smoking-related lung cancer.

    Source:

    U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Smoking: 50 Years of Progress. A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2014. Printed with corrections, January 2014.

    URL: http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/reports/50-years-of-progress/sgr50-chap-12.pdf
  • Fact #38

    In the US, 36,000 people die each year from cancers other than lung caused by smoking.

    Fact #38

    • stats
    • death
    • disease

    In the US, 36,000 people die each year from cancers other than lung caused by smoking.

    Source:

    U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Smoking: 50 Years of Progress. A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2014. Printed with corrections, January 2014.

    URL: http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/reports/50-years-of-progress/sgr50-chap-12.pdf
  • Fact #110

    39.2% of high school students report seeing advertisements for tobacco products on the Internet.

    Fact #110

    • stats
    • marketing
    • youth

    39.2% of high school students report seeing advertisements for tobacco products on the Internet.

    Source:

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Tobacco Use, Access, and Exposure to Tobacco in Media Among Middle School and High School Students-- United States, 2004. MMWR 2005;54:297-301.

    URL: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5412a1.htm
  • Fact #155

    In 1989, millions of cases of imported fruit were banned after a small amount of cyanide was found in just two grapes. There's 33 times more cyanide in a single cigarette than was found in both of those grapes.

    Fact #155

    • ingredients
    • cigarettes

    In 1989, millions of cases of imported fruit were banned after a small amount of cyanide was found in just two grapes. There's 33 times more cyanide in a single cigarette than was found in both of those grapes.

    Source:

    American Legacy Foundation Online Tobacco Documents Database. EIU Country Report No 2 1989. February 16, 1989. Economic Policy: Interest Rates Are Kept High.

    URL: http://www.legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/rsc80a99/pdf?search=%22chilean%20grapes%22
    Source:

    American Legacy Foundation Online Tobacco Documents Database. St. Louis Post Dispatch. Commentary: When Chemophobia Ruled The Land.

    URL: http://www.legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/llh36e00/pdf?search=%22chilean%20grapes%22
    Source:

    American Legacy Foundation Online Tobacco Documents Database. Security Forecast. April Risk Assessment: Low Throughout the Country. March 17, 1989.

    URL: http://www.legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/psc80a99/pdf?search=%22chilean%20grapes%22
    Source:

    American Legacy Foundation Online Tobacco Documents Database. A Year After Grape Scare, Chilean Fruit Sales Thrive. March 5, 1990.

    URL: http://www.legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/rpw28a99/pdf?search=%22chilean%20grapes%22
    Source:

    perforated cigarette = 201 micrograms.
    Hoffman D, Hoffman I, El-Bayoumy, K. "The Less Harmful Cigarette: A Controversial Issue. A Tribute to Ernst L.Wynder." Chemical Research in Toxicology. The American Chemical Society. 2001, 14(7):767790.

    URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/tx000260u
    Source:

    Math:
    1000 micrograms = 1 milligram
    201 micrograms = .2 milligrams
    x=.2/.006 (because each grape contains .003 milligrams)
    x=33.333
    The amount of cyanide in one cigarette is 33 times the amount in the two grapes.

  • Fact #19

    One cigarette company biologically engineered tobacco plants to have twice the normal level of nicotine.

    Fact #19

    • science
    • big tobacco

    One cigarette company biologically engineered tobacco plants to have twice the normal level of nicotine.

    Source:

    U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Smoking: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Center for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Office on Smoking and Health, 2004. Chapter 6. Page 616.

    URL: http://1.usa.gov/ME0QNb
  • Fact #36

    In the US, about 480,000 people die a tobacco-related death every year.

    Fact #36

    • stats
    • death

    In the US, about 480,000 people die a tobacco-related death every year.

    Source:

    U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Smoking: 50 Years of Progress. A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2014. Printed with corrections, January 2014.

    URL: http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/reports/50-years-of-progress/sgr50-chap-12.pdf
    • poster
    • science
    • ingredients
    • cigarettes

    Chronic exposure to heavy metals like lead, arsenic and cadmium can affect the brain. They're all found in cigarette smoke.

    Source:

    The effects of arsenic exposure on the nervous system, Toxicology Letters; Issued: 2003.

    URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378427403002625
    Source:

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Technology Transfer Network Air Toxics Web Site. Arsenic Compounds.

    URL: http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/hlthef/arsenic.html
    Source:

    CDC. National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals

    URL: http://1.usa.gov/15NIQIM
    Source:

    The Effects of Tobacco Smoke and Nicotine on Cognition and the Brain, Center for Health Sciences; Issued: 2007.

    URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/a21563553h724255/
    Source:

    Cadmium toxicity in synaptic neurotransmission in the brain, Brain Research; Issued: 2000.

    URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006899301020224
    Source:

    Application of toxicological risk assessment principles to the chemical constituents of cigarette smoke, Tobacco Control; Issued: 2011.

    URL: http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/12/4/424.short
    Source:

    NCI. Risks Associated with Smoking Cigarettes with Low Machine-Measured Yields of Tar and Nicotine. Smoking and Tobacco Control Monograph No. 13. Bethesda, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute, NIH Pub. No. 02-5074, October 2001. Pages 176-180 of PDF.

    URL: http://cancercontrol.cancer.gov/brp/tcrb/monographs/13/m13_complete.pdf
  • Fact #8

    Of former smokers in the U.S., 1,872,000 have chronic bronchitis from smoking.

    Fact #8

    • stats
    • disease

    Of former smokers in the U.S., 1,872,000 have chronic bronchitis from smoking.

    Source:

    CDC. Cigarette Smoking Attributable Morbidity - United States, 2000. MMWR 2003; 52(35) 842-844. Table.

    URL: http://1.usa.gov/MYL9Mg
  • Fact #88

    In the U.S., 60.9% of students who ever smoked cigarettes daily tried to quit smoking cigarettes

    Fact #88

    • stats
    • addiction

    In the U.S., 60.9% of students who ever smoked cigarettes daily tried to quit smoking cigarettes

    Source:

    CDC. High School Students Who Tried to Quit Smoking Cigarettes-United States, 2007. May 1, 2009. 58(16);428-431.

    URL: http://www.cdc.gov/mmWR/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5816a4.htm
  • Fact #127

    In just one year, about 31,000 kids lost their dads to tobacco-related disease in the US.

    Fact #127

    • stats
    • death

    In just one year, about 31,000 kids lost their dads to tobacco-related disease in the US.

    Source:

    Leistikow BN, Martin DC, Milano CE, 2000. Estimates of smoking-attributable deaths at ages 15-24, motherless or fatherless youths, and resulting Social Security costs in the United States in 1994. Preventive Medicine, 30(5) 252-360. Page 2 of 4 of PDF.

    URL: http://leistikow.ucdavis.edu/BereftYouths.pdf
  • Fact #53

    Over 16 million Americans live with tobacco-related illnesses.

    Fact #53

    • stats
    • disease

    Over 16 million Americans live with tobacco-related illnesses.

    Source:

    U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Smoking: 50 Years of Progress. A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2014

    URL: http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/reports/50-years-of-progress/full-report.pdf
  • Fact #259

    Only 9% of teens still smoke. That's less than the number of landlines still in use.

    Fact #259

    • Youth

    Only 9% of teens still smoke. That's less than the number of landlines still in use.

    Source:

    Schulenberg, J. E. (2014). Monitoring the Future national results on drug use: 1975-2013: Overview, Key Findings on Adolescent Drug Use. Ann Arbor: Institute for Social Research, The University of Michigan.

    URL: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/mtf-overview2013.pdf
    Source:

    CIA World Factbook

    URL: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2150rank.html
    Source:

    9% of teens = 2,244,761 teens
    # of landlines still in use = 139 million

  • Fact #39

    In the US, 160,600 people die from smoking-related cardiovascular and metabolic diseases each year.

    Fact #39

    • stats
    • death
    • disease

    In the US, 160,600 people die from smoking-related cardiovascular and metabolic diseases each year.

    Source:

    U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Smoking: 50 Years of Progress. A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2014. Printed with corrections, January 2014.

    URL: http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/reports/50-years-of-progress/sgr50-chap-12.pdf

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