People recovering from substance abuse are twice as likely to relapse within three years if they are a smoker.
Weinberger, Andrea H., et al. “Cigarette Smoking Is Associated With Increased Risk of Substance Use Disorder Relapse: A Nationally Representative, Prospective Longitudinal Investigation.” The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc., 22 Feb. 2017.
People with serious mental illness are more likely to smoke, putting them at risk for smoking-related cancer, lung disease, and cardiovascular disease.
American Psychological Association; Kirsten Weir ; Home // Monitor on Psychology // June 2013 Monitor on Psychology // Smoking and mental illness
E-cigarettes have had some quality-control issues. Plus, most e-cigs contain addictive nicotine, and carcinogens have been found in some e-cig vapor. How about we get some more research and regulation up in here?
Cobb, Nathan K., et al. "Novel Nicotine Delivery Systems and Public Health: The Rise of the “E-Cigarette"." American Journal of Public Health. 100(12). Dec. 2010: 2340–2342. Web.
Because nicotine from smokeless tobacco is absorbed through the mouth, it takes longer to produce an effect than if it were absorbed through the lungs. But using cigarettes and smokeless tobacco really do result in the same amount of nicotine intake.
"Youth and Tobacco: Preventing Tobacco Use among Young People. A Report of the Surgeon General." Department of Health and Human Services. Washington, DC. 33. Web.
Adolescents who use smokeless tobacco are more likely to become cigarette smokers.
"Preventing Tobacco Use Among Young People: A Report of the Surgeon General." U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevetion, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health. 17. Web.
An average of 4.5mg of nicotine is absorbed from 7.9g of chewing tobacco and an average of 3.6mg of nicotine is absorbed from 2.5g moist snuff.
Severson, H.H. "What Have We Learned From 20 Years of Research on Smokeless Tobacco Cessation?" American Journal of Medical Sciences. 326(4). Oct. 2003: 206-211. Web.