In cities like DC, there are up to 10 times more tobacco ads in black neighborhoods than other neighborhoods.
American Journal of Public Health : Peer Reviewed. "Marketing Little Cigars and Cigarillos: Advertising, Price, and Associations With Neighborhood Demographics" ; Jennifer Cantrell, DrPH, MPA, Jennifer M. Kreslake, MPH, Ollie Ganz, MSPH, Jennifer L. Pearson, PhD, MPH, Donna Vallone, PhD, MPH, Andrew Anesetti-Rothermel, MPH, Haijun Xiao, MS, and Thomas R. Kirchner, PhD ; October 2013, Vol 103, No. 10
In DC, Big Tobacco advertises up to 10x more in black neighborhoods than in other neighborhoods
Lee, J. G., Henriksen, L., Rose, S. W., Moreland-Russell, S., & Ribisl, K. M. (2015). A systematic review of neighborhood disparities in point-of-sale tobacco marketing. American journal of public health, 105(9), e8-e18.
Several studies have found a greater number of tobacco advertisements in African American neighborhoods.
"Disparities and Menthol Marketing: Additional Evidence in Support of Point of Sale Policies." International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health — Open Access Journal, Anderson, 2016 ; Moreland-Russel, 2013; Rising 2011
About 20% of African American youth are exposed to secondhand smoke in the home.
American Legacy Foundation. Secondhand Smoke--Youth Exposure and Adult Attitudes--Results from Three National Surveys. Supplemental Tables. Table S-5. Prevalence of Secondhand Smoke Exposure (Ages 12-17) -1999-2003 LMTS.