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Stores near high schools with higher African American enrollment had more menthol cigarette advertisements and cheaper Newport cigarettes than stores near high schools with higher white enrollment.
Source: Nicotine Tob Res. 2012 Jan;14(1):116-21. doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntr122. Epub 2011 Jun 24.
Cigarette companies increased its spending on advertisements and promotions from 8.05 billion in 2010 to 8.37 billion in 2011.
Source: "Federal Trade Commission Cigarette Report for 2011." Washington, DC: Federal Trade Commission. 2013. Report.
Fact: 81% of youth who have ever used tobacco started with a flavored product.
Source: "Flavored Tobacco Product Use in Youth and Adults: Findings From the First Wave of the PATH Study (2013–2014)." American Journal of Preventative Medicine, 2017.
Studies show that people seeking treatment for nicotine dependence alongside substance abuse are more likely to be successful.
Source: Baca & Yahne, 2008; Prochaska et al., Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2004.
Smoking is more common among members of the US military than civilians.
Source: Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids, March 30, 2017
In DC, Big Tobacco advertises up to 10x more in black neighborhoods than in other neighborhoods
Source: Lee, J. G., Henriksen, L., Rose, S. W., Moreland-Russell, S., & Ribisl, K. M. (2015). A systematic review of neighborhood disparities in point-of-sale tobacco marketing. American journal of public health, 105(9), e8-e18.
Big Tobacco once said people “entering stressful situations, e.g., starting a new job or entering the military” often start to smoke or smoke more. They targeted their products to the US military.
Source: PM, PHILIP MORRIS,DUNN,WL JR,SCHORI,TR. SMOKING BEHAVIOR AND STRESS. 1971 November. Philip Morris Records.
Cigarette companies advertised "light" cigarettes as less harmful to the smoker, although they can deliver the same levels of tar and nicotine.
Source: National Cancer Institute. "Risks Associated with Smoking Cigarettes with Low Machine-Measured Yields of Tar and Nicotine." Bethesda, MD: "Smoking and Tobacco Control." U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD. Risks Associated with Smoking Cigarettes with Low Machine-Measured Yields of Tar and Nicotine. 19 Nov. 2001. 21, 245-246.
During 2005-2009, smoking-attributable productivity losses totaled $150.7 billion per year.
Source: "The Health Consequences of Smoking—50 Years of Progress. A Report of the Surgeon General." U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health. Smoking-Attributable Morbidity, Mortality, and Economic Costs. 2014. Report.