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Around the 1980s, tobacco companies labeled African Americans - less educated, prefer malt liquor, have problems with their own self-esteem.
Source: "1990 (900000) New Marketing Ideas. Summary of Programs." Truth Tobacco Industry Documents, 1989. Report.
Big Tobacco companies give price discounts, place ads inside and outside of convenience stores, and even offer incentives for retailers to encourage them to keep selling their products
Source: ChangeLabSolutions: Point of Sale Playbook: POLICY OPTIONS TO REGULATE THE SALE AND MARKETING OF TOBACCO PRODUCTS, 2016. http://www.changelabsolutions.org/sites/default/ files/Point_of_Sale_Playbook_FINAL_20160105.pdf
Smokers are more likely to be opioid abusers than non-smokers.
Source: Zale EL, Dorfman ML, Hooten WM, Warner DO, Zvolensky MJ, Ditre JW. Tobacco Smoking, Nicotine Dependence, and Patterns of Prescription Opioid Misuse: Results From a Nationally Representative Sample. Nicotine Tob Res. 2014;17(9):1096-103.
In the 90s, Big Tobacco sent free cigarettes to troops deployed overseas during Desert Storm.
Source: Smith, E. A., & Malone, R. E. (2009). “Everywhere the Soldier Will Be”: Wartime Tobacco Promotion in the US Military. American Journal of Public Health, 99(9), 1595–1602. http://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2008.152983
In 2006, tobacco-related costs to the Military Health Service alone totaled $564 million.
Source: IOM report, page 4
In 1985, one tobacco company brainstormed targeting potential smokers in school bathrooms, playgrounds, YMCAs, and city parks.
Source: "XG BRAINSTORMING. NYC, 2126." Truth Tobacco Industry Documents. 26 Feb. 1985. Report.
It is estimated that as many as 15.9% of pregnant women and girls smoke.
Source: "Results from the 2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Summary of National Findings." Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Sept. 2013. 47. Figure 4.5.
In 2016, enough painkillers were prescribed to medicate every American adult 30 mg of hydrocodone every day for almost a month.
Source: Guy GP Jr., Zhang K, Bohm MK, et al. Vital Signs: Changes in Opioid Prescribing in the United States, 2006–2015. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2017;66:697–704. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6626a4
A typical 60 minute hookah session is the same as smoking 100 cigarettes.
Source: "Waterpipe Tobacco Smoking: Health Effects, Research Needs and Recommended Actions by Regulators. WHO Study Group on Tobacco Product Regulation (TobReg)." World Health Organization. Geneva, Switzerland. 16 Sept. 2005.
Individuals who are prescribed opioids prior to graduating high school are 33% more likely to misuse prescription opioids after graduating.
Source: Prescription Opioids in Adolescence and Future Opioid Misuse Richard Miech, Lloyd Johnston, Patrick M. O’Malley, Katherine M. Keyes, Kennon Heard Pediatrics Nov 2015, 136 (5) e1169-e1177; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2015-1364