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In 2015 , the opioid epidemic cost the US more than 500 billion dollars.
Source: The Council of Economic Advisers. The Underestimated Cost of the Opioid Crisis. Washington, DC: Executive Office of the President; 2017.
About 20% of African American youth are exposed to secondhand smoke in the home.
Source: American Legacy Foundation. Secondhand Smoke--Youth Exposure and Adult Attitudes--Results from Three National Surveys. Supplemental Tables. Table S-5. Prevalence of Secondhand Smoke Exposure (Ages 12-17) -1999-2003 LMTS.
Nicotine has been found in the breast milk of animals exposed to tobacco.
Source: "The Health Consequences of Smoking: A Report of the Surgeon General." CDC. Reproductive Effects. 564. Report.
In 2017, 70% of overdose deaths in D.C. involved fentanyl or its analogues.
Source: Leak C. Opioid-related Fatal Overdoses: January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2017. Government of the District of Columbia Office of the Chief Medical Examiner. 2018.
In the 90s, Big Tobacco sent free cigarettes to troops deployed overseas during Desert Storm.
Source: Smith, E. A., & Malone, R. E. (2009). “Everywhere the Soldier Will Be”: Wartime Tobacco Promotion in the US Military. American Journal of Public Health, 99(9), 1595–1602. http://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2008.152983
Between 2010 and 2016, smoking was depicted in 34% of youth rated movies, and 71% of R-rated movies.
Source: Tynan MA, Polansky JR, Titus K, Atayeva R, Glantz SA. Tobacco Use in Top-Grossing Movies — United States, 2010–2016. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 7 Jul 2017;66:681–686.
Menthol cigarettes are easier to start and harder to quit.
Source: Truth Initiative, October 12, 2016.
In 2010, every 3 minutes, a woman went to the ER for prescription painkiller misuse.
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Vital Signs: Overdoses of Prescription Opioid Pain Relievers and Other Drugs Among Women — United States, 1999–2010. MMWR 2013;62:537-542.
Dependence on prescription opioids can happen after just five days.
Source: Shah A, Hayes CJ, Martin BC. Characteristics of Initial Prescription Episodes and Likelihood of Long-Term Opioid Use — United States, 2006–2015. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2017;66:265–269. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6610a1
In a grim milestone, more people died from heroin-related causes than from gun homicides in 2017.
Source: Scholl L, Seth P, Kariisa M, Wilson N, Baldwin G. Drug and Opioid-Involved Overdose Deaths — United States, 2013–2017. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019;67:1419–1427. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm675152e1.
In 1997, one tobacco company CEO said he would probably "instantly" shut his doors "to get a better hold on things" if it were proved to his satisfaction that smoking causes cancer. That same company now admits on their website that smoking causes cancer, but they're still open for business.
Source: "In the Fifteenth Judicial Circuit Court in and for Palm Beach County, Florida Case No. CL 95-1466 AH The State of Florida, et al., Plaintiff, Vs. The American Tobacco Company, et al., Defendants. Deposition of Geoffrey C. Bible Taken at the Instance of Plaintiffs." Truth Tobacco Industry Documents. 21 Aug. 1997. Deposition.