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"Point of sale" refers to a place where people purchase things — like the counter at a drugstore. Big Tobacco spends 95% of its $9.1 billion annual marketing budget here.
Source: U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC). Cigarette Report for 2014, 2016, https://www.ftc.gov/system/files/documents/ reports/federal-tradecommission-cigarette-report-2014-federal-trade-commission-smokeless-tobacco-report/ftc_cigarette_report_2014.pdf; FTC, Smokeless Tobacco Report for 2014, 2016, https://www.ftc.gov/system/files/documents /reports/federal-trade-commission-cigarette-report-2014-federal-trade-commission-smokeless-tobacco-report/ftc_smokeless_tobacco_report_2014.pdf [Data for top 5 manufacturers only].
Smokeless tobacco use causes oral cancer, lesions, and gum recession.
Source: Nelson, D.E., et al. "Trends in Smokeless Tobacco Use Among Adults and Adolescents in the United States." American Journal of Public Health. 96(5). May 2006: 897–905.
LGBTQ young adults are nearly twice as likely to use tobacco.
Source: "This Free Life Campaign." FDA. U.S. Food and Drug Administration, 2 May 2016.
In 2014, Big Tobacco spent $7.12 billion discounting products at the "point of sale" — a.k.a. where people buy things (like the counter at a drugstore).
Source: 1. U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC). Cigarette Report for 2014, 2016, https://www.ftc.gov/system/files/documents /reports/federal-tradecommission- cigarette-report-2014-federal-trade-commission-smokeless-tobacco-report/ftc_cigarette_report_2014.pdf; 2. FTC, Smokeless Tobacco Report for 2014, 2016, https://www.ftc.gov/system/files/documents /reports/federal-trade-commission-cigarette-report-2014-federal-trade-commission-smokeless-tobacco-report/ftc_smokeless_tobacco_report_2014.pdf
After recognizing the “decline of smoking” as an “upscale and mainstream” behavior,” Big Tobacco planned to target “a population that is increasingly blue collar, ethnic, and less educated.”
Source: Journal of Public Health, Volume 32, Issue 2, 1 June 2010, Pages 210–218,
Adolescents who use smokeless tobacco are more likely to become cigarette smokers.
Source: "Preventing Tobacco Use Among Young People: A Report of the Surgeon General." U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevetion, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health. 17. Web.
Using smokeless tobacco is also associated with gum recession, dental caries, and dental staining and abrasion.
Source: "Youth and Tobacco: Preventing Tobacco Use among Young People. A Report of the Surgeon General." Department of Health and Human Services. Washington, DC. 33. Web.
In cities like DC, there are up to 10 times more tobacco ads in black neighborhoods than other neighborhoods.
Source: American Journal of Public Health : Peer Reviewed. "Marketing Little Cigars and Cigarillos: Advertising, Price, and Associations With Neighborhood Demographics" ; Jennifer Cantrell, DrPH, MPA, Jennifer M. Kreslake, MPH, Ollie Ganz, MSPH, Jennifer L. Pearson, PhD, MPH, Donna Vallone, PhD, MPH, Andrew Anesetti-Rothermel, MPH, Haijun Xiao, MS, and Thomas R. Kirchner, PhD ; October 2013, Vol 103, No. 10
A study showed that 11-14 year olds who visited convenience stores at least twice a week were more than twice as likely to begin smoking as those who rarely visited those stores.
Source: Lisa Henriksen, Nina Schleicher, Ellen Feighery, and Stephen Fortmann, A Longitudinal Study of Exposure to Retail Cigarette Advertising and Smoking Initiation, 126 PEDIATRICS 232, 232 (2010);
In the past, A major tobacco company saw the military as an attractive marketing opportunity because of its young adult servicemen that they describe as “classic downscale smoker,” “less educated,” “part of the wrong crowd,” “in trouble with authorities,” and having “limited job prospects.”
Source: Military YAS Initiative, RJR, 1989
Toluene is found in cigarette smoke. Toluene is also found in gasoline.
Source: McKeown, N J. "Toluene Toxicity." Medscape, 01 Feb. 2015. Web.