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Taking opioids after wisdom teeth removal increases the odds of long term use.
Source: Harbaugh CM, Nalliah RP, Hu HM, Englesbe MJ, Waljee JF, Brummett CM. Persistent Opioid Use After Wisdom Tooth Extraction. JAMA. 2018;320(5):504–506. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.9023
In 2015 , the opioid epidemic cost the US more than 500 billion dollars.
Source: The Council of Economic Advisers. The Underestimated Cost of the Opioid Crisis. Washington, DC: Executive Office of the President; 2017.
Opioid overdose deaths increased almost 6x from 1999 to 2017.
Source: Scholl L, Seth P, Kariisa M, Wilson N, Baldwin G. Drug and Opioid-Involved Overdose Deaths — United States, 2013–2017. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019;67:1419–1427. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm675152e1.
In 2017, 10.3 million young adults used a prescription opioid.
Source: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. (2018). 2017 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Detailed Tables. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Rockville, MD.
According to the CDC, healthcare providers wrote 259M prescriptions for opioid pain relievers in 2012, which is enough for every adult in America to fill one prescription.
Source: Paulozzi LJ, Mack KA, Hockenberry JM. Vital signs: variation among states in prescribing of opioid pain relievers and benzodiazepines—United States, 2012. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2014;63:563–8.
48.4% of middle school smokers and 54% of high school smokers smoke menthols.
Source: Truth Initiative, Menthol Fact Sheet. December 2018.
More than two-thirds of people admitted into substance abuse treatment programs first used a non-heroin opioid by age 25.
Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS): 2003-2013. National Admissions to Substance Abuse Treatment Services. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2015.
In 2013, the United States, which continued to be the principal consumer country of oxycodone, accounted for 78 percent of the world total.
Source: United Nations: International Narcotics Control Board. Report of the International Narcotics Control Board for 2014. Accessed June 2018.