There were 1.68 million potential years of life lost to opioids in the United States in 2016.
Gomes T, Tadrous M, Mamdani MM, Paterson JM, Juurlink DN. The Burden of Opioid-Related Mortality in the United States. JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(2):e180217. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0217https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2682878
In a grim milestone, more people died from heroin-related causes than from gun homicides in 2017.
Source: Scholl L, Seth P, Kariisa M, Wilson N, Baldwin G. Drug and Opioid-Involved Overdose Deaths — United States, 2013–2017. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019;67:1419–1427. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm675152e1.
Since 1999, over 9,000 children and teens have died from opioid overdoses.
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC WONDER: Multiple Cause of Death 1999-2017.
In 2015 , the opioid epidemic cost the US more than 500 billion dollars.
Source: The Council of Economic Advisers. The Underestimated Cost of the Opioid Crisis. Washington, DC: Executive Office of the President; 2017.
The prescribing rates for controlled substances among adolescents and young adults nearly doubled from 1994 to 2007.
Source: Fortuna RJ, Robbins BW, Caiola E, Joynt M, Halterman JS. Prescribing of controlled medications to adolescents and young adults in the United States. Pediatrics. 2010;126(6):1108-1116.
80% of heroin users started with a prescription painkiller.
Source: Jones CM. Heroin use and heroin use risk behaviors among nonmedical users of prescription opioid pain relievers – United States, 2002-2004 and 2008-2010. Drug Alcohol Depend (2013) 132:95–100
Opioid painkillers like Vicodin® and OxyContin® are chemically similar to heroin.
Source: NIDA. Opioids. National Institute on Drug Abuse website. https://www.drugabuse.gov/drugs-abuse/opioids. . Accessed May 11, 2018.
The opioid mortality rate increased as the U.S. life expectancy rate decreased.
Source: Xu JQ, Murphy SL, Kochanek KD, Bastian B,Arias E. Deaths: Final data for 2016. National Vital Statistics Reports; vol 67 no 5. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2018.
Over half of young adults who misused prescription opioids got them from a friend or family member.
Source: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. (2017). 2016 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Detailed Tables. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Rockville, MD.
Every day, 130 Americans die after overdosing on opioids.
Source: Hedegaard H, Miniño AM, Warner M. Drug overdose deaths in the United States, 1999–2017. NCHS Data Brief, no 329. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2018.
In 2012, every 25 minutes, a baby was born suffering from opioid withdrawal.
Source: Patrick SW, Davis MM, Lehmann CU, Cooper WO. Increasing incidence and geographic distribution of neonatal abstinence syndrome: United States 2009 to 2012 [published correction appears in J Perinatol. 2015 Aug;35(8):667. Lehman, C U [corrected to Lehmann, C U]]. J Perinatol. 2015;35(8):650–655. doi:10.1038/jp.2015.36
In 2013, the United States, which continued to be the principal consumer country of oxycodone, accounted for 78 percent of the world total.
Source: United Nations: International Narcotics Control Board. Report of the International Narcotics Control Board for 2014. Accessed June 2018.
Smokers are more likely to be opioid abusers than non-smokers.
Source: Zale EL, Dorfman ML, Hooten WM, Warner DO, Zvolensky MJ, Ditre JW. Tobacco Smoking, Nicotine Dependence, and Patterns of Prescription Opioid Misuse: Results From a Nationally Representative Sample. Nicotine Tob Res. 2014;17(9):1096-103.