The average days’ supply of opioids prescribed by doctors in the U.S. increased 33% from 2006 to 2015.
Guy GP Jr., Zhang K, Bohm MK, et al. Vital Signs: Changes in Opioid Prescribing in the United States, 2006–2015. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2017;66:697–704. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6626a4https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/66/wr/mm6626a4.htm?s_cid=mm6626a4_w
In 2017, two out of three drug overdose deaths involved some type of opioid.
Source: Scholl L, Seth P, Kariisa M, Wilson N, Baldwin G. Drug and Opioid-Involved Overdose Deaths — United States, 2013–2017. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019;67:1419–1427. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm675152e1.
In 2016, 1 in 5 deaths among young adults were opioid related.
Source: Gomes T, Tadrous M, Mamdani MM, Paterson J, Juurlink DN. The burden of opioid-related mortality in the united states. JAMA Network Open. 2018;1(2):e180217.
In 2017, 70% of overdose deaths in D.C. involved fentanyl or its analogues.
Source: Leak C. Opioid-related Fatal Overdoses: January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2017. Government of the District of Columbia Office of the Chief Medical Examiner. 2018.
More than two-thirds of people admitted into substance abuse treatment programs first used a non-heroin opioid by age 25.
Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS): 2003-2013. National Admissions to Substance Abuse Treatment Services. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2015.
The opioid mortality rate increased as the U.S. life expectancy rate decreased.
Source: Xu JQ, Murphy SL, Kochanek KD, Bastian B,Arias E. Deaths: Final data for 2016. National Vital Statistics Reports; vol 67 no 5. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2018.
Individuals who are prescribed opioids prior to graduating high school are 33% more likely to misuse prescription opioids after graduating.
Source: Prescription Opioids in Adolescence and Future Opioid Misuse Richard Miech, Lloyd Johnston, Patrick M. O’Malley, Katherine M. Keyes, Kennon Heard Pediatrics Nov 2015, 136 (5) e1169-e1177; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2015-1364
In 2017, 47,600 people died of opioid overdoses in America.
Source: Hedegaard H, Miniño AM, Warner M. Drug overdose deaths in the United States, 1999–2017. NCHS Data Brief, no 329. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2018.
In 2011, more than 420,000 emergency department visits were related to the misuse or abuse of narcotic pain relievers.
Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Drug Abuse Warning Network, 2011: National Estimates of Drug-Related Emergency Department Visits. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration; 2013.
In 2015 , the opioid epidemic cost the US more than 500 billion dollars.
Source: The Council of Economic Advisers. The Underestimated Cost of the Opioid Crisis. Washington, DC: Executive Office of the President; 2017.
Non-addictive painkillers, like ibuprofen and acetaminophen, can be just as effective as prescription opioids at reducing certain types of pain.
Source: Chang AK, Bijur PE, Esses D, Barnaby DP, Baer J. Effect of a Single Dose of Oral Opioid and Nonopioid Analgesics on Acute Extremity Pain in the Emergency DepartmentA Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA.2017;318(17):1661–1667. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.16190
Dependence on prescription opioids can happen after just five days.
Source: Shah A, Hayes CJ, Martin BC. Characteristics of Initial Prescription Episodes and Likelihood of Long-Term Opioid Use — United States, 2006–2015. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2017;66:265–269. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6610a1
Taking opioids after wisdom teeth removal increases the odds of long term use.
Source: Harbaugh CM, Nalliah RP, Hu HM, Englesbe MJ, Waljee JF, Brummett CM. Persistent Opioid Use After Wisdom Tooth Extraction. JAMA. 2018;320(5):504–506. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.9023