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The prescribing rates for controlled substances among adolescents and young adults nearly doubled from 1994 to 2007.

Source: Fortuna RJ, Robbins BW, Caiola E, Joynt M, Halterman JS. Prescribing of controlled medications to adolescents and young adults in the United States. Pediatrics. 2010;126(6):1108-1116.
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Opioids can cause constipation.

Source: Lee, A.A. & Hasler, W.L. Curr Treat Options Gastro (2016) 14: 478.
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Smokers are more likely to be opioid abusers than non-smokers.

Source: Zale EL, Dorfman ML, Hooten WM, Warner DO, Zvolensky MJ, Ditre JW. Tobacco Smoking, Nicotine Dependence, and Patterns of Prescription Opioid Misuse: Results From a Nationally Representative Sample. Nicotine Tob Res. 2014;17(9):1096-103.
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In 2013, the United States, which continued to be the principal consumer country of oxycodone, accounted for 78 percent of the world total.

Source: United Nations: International Narcotics Control Board. Report of the International Narcotics Control Board for 2014. Accessed June 2018.
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Adolescent athletes in some high-injury sports are at a 50% higher risk of misusing prescription painkillers than their peers who don't participate in these sports.

Source: Veliz PT, Boyd C, McCabe SE. Playing through pain: sports participation and nonmedical use of opioid medications among adolescents. Am J Public Health. 2013;103(5):e28–e30. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2013.301242
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In 2011, more than 420,000 emergency department visits were related to the misuse or abuse of narcotic pain relievers.

Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Drug Abuse Warning Network, 2011: National Estimates of Drug-Related Emergency Department Visits. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration; 2013.
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In 2017, 70% of overdose deaths in D.C. involved fentanyl or its analogues.

Source: Leak C. Opioid-related Fatal Overdoses: January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2017. Government of the District of Columbia Office of the Chief Medical Examiner. 2018.
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More than two-thirds of people admitted into substance abuse treatment programs first used a non-heroin opioid by age 25.

Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS): 2003-2013. National Admissions to Substance Abuse Treatment Services. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2015.
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Every 11 minutes someone in America dies from an opioid overdose.

Source: Hedegaard H, Miniño AM, Warner M. Drug overdose deaths in the United States, 1999–2017. NCHS Data Brief, no 329. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2018.
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More than 17,000 people died from prescription opioid overdoses in 2017.

Source: Scholl L, Seth P, Kariisa M, Wilson N, Baldwin G. Drug and Opioid-Involved Overdose Deaths — United States, 2013–2017. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019;67:1419–1427. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm675152e1
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Non-addictive painkillers, like ibuprofen and acetaminophen, can be just as effective as prescription opioids at reducing certain types of pain.

Source: Chang AK, Bijur PE, Esses D, Barnaby DP, Baer J. Effect of a Single Dose of Oral Opioid and Nonopioid Analgesics on Acute Extremity Pain in the Emergency DepartmentA Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA.2017;318(17):1661–1667. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.16190
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Since 1999, over 9,000 children and teens have died from opioid overdoses.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC WONDER: Multiple Cause of Death 1999-2017.
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