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The Facts

Nothin’ but the cold, hard, truth.

  • Fact #72

    Cigarette companies increased its spending on advertisements and promotions from 8.05 billion in 2010 to 8.37 billion in 2011.

    Fact #72

    • big tobacco

    Cigarette companies increased its spending on advertisements and promotions from 8.05 billion in 2010 to 8.37 billion in 2011.

    Source:

    Federal Trade Commission Cigarette Report for 2011. Issued 2013. Washington, DC: Federal Trade Commission.

    URL: http://www.ftc.gov/sites/default/files/documents/reports/federal-trade-commission-cigarette-report-2011/130521cigarettereport.pdf
  • Fact #235

    In 1994, the CEOs from 7 major tobacco companies testify before Congress, under oath, that they believe nicotine is NOT addictive.

    Fact #235

    • law suit

    In 1994, the CEOs from 7 major tobacco companies testify before Congress, under oath, that they believe nicotine is NOT addictive.

    Source:

    Seven Dwarfs Gaffe Led to Legal Bonanza. Legacy Tobacco Documents Library. July 15 2000. British American Collection. Bates No: 325074264-325074265

    URL: http://bit.ly/XEY5Rc
    Source:

    U.S Exhibit 22,901, Hearings, "Regulation of Tobacco Products (Part I)" before the SUBCOMMITTEE ON HEALTH AND THE ENVIRONMENT, COMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND COMMERCE, HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, April 14, 1994. April 14 1994. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Bates No: USX027720-USX0271040.

    URL: http://bit.ly/Zymuod
  • Fact #253

    Back in the day, Big tobacco exposed sheep to smoke by sticking tracheotomy tubes down their throats.

    Fact #253

    • science
    • big tobacco

    Back in the day, Big tobacco exposed sheep to smoke by sticking tracheotomy tubes down their throats.

    Source:

    Back in the day, Big tobacco exposed sheep to smoke by sticking tracheotomy tubes down their throats.

    Source:

    Title: EXPOSURE OF SHEEP TO SMOKE BY WAY OF A TRACHEOSTOMY TUBE

    URL: http://legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/mfe81e00/pdf?search=%22sex%22
    Source:

    Title: VISIT TO HUNTINGDON RESEARCH CENTER, HUNTINGDON, ENGLAND

    URL: http://legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/zej97e00
    Source:

    Title: APPLICATION FOR RESEARCH GRANT EFFECTS OF PROLONGED INHALATION OF CIGARETTE SMOKE ON THE RESPIRATORY TRACT OF SHEEP

    URL: http://legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/mrz8aa00
    • Infographic
    • ingredients

    There's hydrogen cyanide in rat poison. The same stuff is in cigarette smoke.

    Source:

    Hydrogen cyanide is in tobacco smoke

    Source:

    NCI. Risks Associated with Smoking Cigarettes with Low Machine-Measured Yields of Tar and Nicotine. Smoking and Tobacco Control Monograph No. 13. Bethesda, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute, NIH Pub. No. 02-5074, October 2001. Pages 56 and 176 of 251. Category: Ingredients Fact Created: 11/10/2004

    URL: http://1.usa.gov/KGCnCy Hydrogen cyanide is in rat poison:
    Source:

    ATSDR. Toxicological Profile for Cyanide. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease. Page 8 of PDF.

    URL: http://1.usa.gov/NHO3Gj
  • Fact #118

    Pregnant women who smoke increase their risk of preterm delivery, low birth weight, and SIDS.

    Fact #118

    • women
    • science
    • disease

    Pregnant women who smoke increase their risk of preterm delivery, low birth weight, and SIDS.

    Source:

    U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Smoking. A report of the Surgeon General. Rockville, MD. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2004. Chapter 5. Page 3 of 86 of PDF of Chapter 5.

    URL: http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/sgr/2004/pdfs/chapter5.pdf
  • Fact #211

    Long-term smokeless tobacco users may be up to fifty times more likely to have cancers of the cheek and gum than non-users.

    Fact #211

    • smokeless
    • disease
    • cancer

    Long-term smokeless tobacco users may be up to fifty times more likely to have cancers of the cheek and gum than non-users.

    Source:

    American Cancer Society. Cancer Facts & Figures 2009. Atlanta: American Cancer Society; 2009. Page 48.

    URL: http://www.oralcancerfoundation.org/facts/pdf/Us_Cancer_Facts.pdf
  • Fact #85

    In 1995, 43% of teens in West Virginia smoked. Today, only 19.6% of teens in West Virginia smoke. Damn, West Virginia teens are killing it at living.

    Fact #85

    • stats
    • youth

    In 1995, 43% of teens in West Virginia smoked. Today, only 19.6% of teens in West Virginia smoke. Damn, West Virginia teens are killing it at living.

    Source:

    CDC's High School Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System; Current Smoking

    URL: http://nccd.cdc.gov/youthonline/App/Results.aspx?LID=WV 1995: 43.0% 2013: 19.6%
  • Fact #259

    Only 9% of teens still smoke. That's less than the number of landlines still in use.

    Fact #259

    • Youth

    Only 9% of teens still smoke. That's less than the number of landlines still in use.

    Source:

    Johnston, L. D., O'Malley, P. M., Miech, R. A., Bachman, J. G., & Schulenberg, J. E. (2014). Monitoring the Future national results on drug use: 1975-2013: Overview, Key Findings on Adolescent Drug Use. Ann Arbor: Institute for Social Research, The University of Michigan.

    URL: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/mtf-overview2013.pdf
    Source:

    CIA World Factbook

    URL: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2150rank.html 9% of teens = 2,244,761 teens # of landlines still in use = 139 million
  • Fact #163

    Tobacco companies' products kill about 40,000 people every month. That's more lives thrown away than there are public garbage cans in NYC.

    Fact #163

    • death
    • stats

    Tobacco companies' products kill about 40,000 people every month. That's more lives thrown away than there are public garbage cans in NYC.

    Source:

    480,000/12=40,000 vs 25,000 Sources: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Smoking: 50 Years of Progress. A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2014. Printed with corrections, January 2014.

    URL: http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/reports/50-years-of-progress/sgr50-chap-12.pdf City of New York - Department of Sanitation 2011 DSNY Annual Report

    URL: http://www.nyc.gov/html/dsny/downloads/pdf/pubinfo/annual/ar2011.pdf
  • Fact #216

    Candy-flavored cigarettes are now illegal. But Big Tobacco still sells other tobacco products in over 45 candy flavors.

    Fact #216

    • marketing
    • big tobacco
    • youth

    Candy-flavored cigarettes are now illegal. But Big Tobacco still sells other tobacco products in over 45 candy flavors.

  • Fact #14

    In the U.S., smoking results in 5.4 million years of potential life lost each year.

    Fact #14

    • stats
    • death

    In the U.S., smoking results in 5.4 million years of potential life lost each year.

    Source:

    U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The 2004 Surgeon General's Report-The Health Consequences of Smoking. Chapter 4. Respiratory Diseases. Page 43, continued on page 47, of PDF.

    URL: http://1.usa.gov/LTh69s
    • money
    • marketing
    • big tobacco
    • infographic

    A tobacco company once gave $125,000 worth of food to a charity, according to an estimate by The Wall Street Journal. Then, they spent well over $22 million telling people about it. I guess when you sell a deadly, addictive product, you need all the good PR you can get.

    Source:

    BRANCH,S. PHILIP MORRIS' AD ON MACARONI AND PEACE - KOSOVO TALE NARROWS GAP BETWEEN PHILANTHROPY, PUBLICITY. DOW JONES; WALL STREET JOURNAL. Philip Morris. Legacy Tobacco Document Library. July 24, 2001. Access Date: July 19, 2005 Bates Number: 2085774391A/4392

    URL: http://legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/pmu41c00/pdf
    Source:

    Ad*Views. $22,959,418 spent on media buy for"Refugee camp/Helicopter/ Woman/Boy" spot in 2001 Media: Television Market: National Period: Jan 1, 2001 - Dec 20, 2001

  • Fact #155

    In 1989, millions of cases of imported fruit were banned after a small amount of cyanide was found in just two grapes. There's 33 times more cyanide in a single cigarette than was found in both of those grapes.

    Fact #155

    • ingredients
    • cigarettes

    In 1989, millions of cases of imported fruit were banned after a small amount of cyanide was found in just two grapes. There's 33 times more cyanide in a single cigarette than was found in both of those grapes.

    Source:

    American Legacy Foundation Online Tobacco Documents Database. EIU Country Report No 2 1989. February 16, 1989. Economic Policy: Interest Rates Are Kept High.

    URL: http://www.legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/rsc80a99/pdf?search=%22chilean%20grapes%22
    Source:

    American Legacy Foundation Online Tobacco Documents Database. St. Louis Post Dispatch. Commentary: When Chemophobia Ruled The Land.

    URL: http://www.legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/llh36e00/pdf?search=%22chilean%20grapes%22
    Source:

    American Legacy Foundation Online Tobacco Documents Database. Security Forecast. April Risk Assessment: Low Throughout the Country. March 17, 1989.

    URL: http://www.legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/psc80a99/pdf?search=%22chilean%20grapes%22
    Source:

    American Legacy Foundation Online Tobacco Documents Database. A Year After Grape Scare, Chilean Fruit Sales Thrive. March 5, 1990.

    URL: http://www.legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/rpw28a99/pdf?search=%22chilean%20grapes%22 The amount of cyanide in a single filtered,* perforated cigarette = 201 micrograms.
    Source:

    Hoffman D, Hoffman I, El-Bayoumy, K. "The Less Harmful Cigarette: A Controversial Issue. A Tribute to Ernst L.Wynder." Chemical Research in Toxicology. The American Chemical Society. 2001, 14(7):767790.

    URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/tx000260u Math: 1000 micrograms = 1 milligram 201 micrograms = .2 milligrams x=.2/.006 (because each grape contains .003 milligrams) x=33.333 The amount of cyanide in one cigarette is 33 times the amount in the two grapes.
  • Fact #132

    Each year only 6.2% of smokers succeed in quitting.

    Fact #132

    • stats
    • addiction

    Each year only 6.2% of smokers succeed in quitting.

    Source:

    CDC. Quitting Smoking Among Adults --- United States, 2001--2010. MMWR 2011; 60(44);1513-1519.

    URL: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6044a2.htm?s_cid= mm6044a2.htm_w
  • Fact #182

    Urea was found in cigarettes. Urea is also found in Pee.

    Fact #182

    • ingredients
    • cigarettes

    Urea was found in cigarettes. Urea is also found in Pee.

    Source:

    Pee contains urea

    Source:

    SUMMARY OF DATA ON UREA Legacy Tobacco Documents Library. American Tobacco. April 17, 1986. Access Date: October 10, 2004 Bates No.: 980365694/5705

    URL: http://www.legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/fjk51a00/pdf?search=%22980365694%205705%22 Urea is found in cigarettes "R.J. Reynolds List of Ingredients (2008)". R.J. Reynolds.

    URL: http://www.rjrt.com/tobaccoingredients.aspx
  • Fact #214

    An average of 4.5mg of nicotine is absorbed from 7.9g of chewing tobacco and an average of 3.6mg of nicotine is absorbed from 2.5g moist snuff.

    Fact #214

    • smokeless
    • stats
    • science

    An average of 4.5mg of nicotine is absorbed from 7.9g of chewing tobacco and an average of 3.6mg of nicotine is absorbed from 2.5g moist snuff.

    Source:

    The American Journal of Medical Sciences. Severson, Herbert H. PhD."What Have We Learned From 20 Years of Research on Smokeless Tobacco Cessation?" Tobacco Update: Scientific Advances, Clinical Perspectives. October 2003. Volume 326, Issue 4: pp 206-211. Abstract.

    URL: http://bit.ly/foQBQi
  • Fact #45

    Since 1964, there have been more than 20 million premature deaths attributed to tobacco in the U.S.

    Fact #45

    • stats
    • death

    Since 1964, there have been more than 20 million premature deaths attributed to tobacco in the U.S.

    Source:

    U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Smoking: 50 Years of Progress. A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2014. Printed with corrections, January 2014.

    URL: http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/reports/50-years-of-progress/exec-summary.pdf
  • Fact #264

    Some--but not all--e-cig vapors have been found to contain formaldehyde. Which is used to preserve dead animals. Yum.

    Fact #264

    • e-cig
    • ingredients

    Some--but not all--e-cig vapors have been found to contain formaldehyde. Which is used to preserve dead animals. Yum.

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