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The Facts

Nothin’ but the cold, hard, truth.

  • Fact #43

    Hydrogen cyanide is in tobacco smoke. Hydrogen cyanide exposure causes cardiovascular and respiratory illness.

    Fact #43

    • ingredients
    • disease

    Hydrogen cyanide is in tobacco smoke. Hydrogen cyanide exposure causes cardiovascular and respiratory illness.

    Source:

    Hydrogen cyanide is in tobacco smoke

    NCI. Risks Associated with Smoking Cigarettes with Low Machine-Measured Yields of Tar and Nicotine. Smoking and Tobacco Control Monograph No. 13. Bethesda, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute, NIH Pub. No. 02-5074, October 2001.

    URL: http://cancercontrol.cancer.gov/tcrb/monographs/13/m13_complete.pdf
    Source:

    Hydrogen cyanide cardiovascular and respiratory effects

    US Department of Health and Human Services. Medical Management Guidelines for Hydrogen Cyanide.

    URL: http://1.usa.gov/15NIgL1
    • money
    • marketing
    • big tobacco
    • infographic

    A tobacco company once gave $125,000 worth of food to a charity, according to an estimate by The Wall Street Journal. Then, they spent well over $22 million telling people about it. I guess when you sell a deadly, addictive product, you need all the good PR you can get.

    Source:

    BRANCH,S. PHILIP MORRIS' AD ON MACARONI AND PEACE - KOSOVO TALE NARROWS GAP BETWEEN PHILANTHROPY, PUBLICITY. DOW JONES; WALL STREET JOURNAL. Philip Morris. Legacy Tobacco Document Library. July 24, 2001.
    Access Date: July 19, 2005
    Bates Number: 2085774391A/4392

    URL: http://legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/pmu41c00/pdf
    Source:

    Ad*Views. $22,959,418 spent on media buy for"Refugee camp/Helicopter/ Woman/Boy" spot in 2001
    Media: Television
    Market: National
    Period: Jan 1, 2001 - Dec 20, 2001

  • Fact #230

    In an average one-hour hookah session, you inhale 100 to 200 times as much smoke as from a single cigarette.

    Fact #230

    • stats
    • cigarettes
    • science

    In an average one-hour hookah session, you inhale 100 to 200 times as much smoke as from a single cigarette.

    Source:

    In an average one-hour hookah session, you inhale 100 to 200 times as much smoke as from a single cigarette.

    Source:

    WHO report:

    URL: http://www.who.int/tobacco/global_interaction/tobreg/Waterpipe%20recommendation_Final.pdf
  • Fact #164

    Human sweat contains urea and ammonia. Urea is added to cigarettes.

    Fact #164

    • ingredients
    • cigarettes

    Human sweat contains urea and ammonia. Urea is added to cigarettes.

    Source:

    Burling. Summary of Data on Urea. 17 April 1986. American Tobacco Bates No. 980365694/5705.

    URL: http://legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/fjk51a00/pdf
    Source:

    Technology. Vol 31, No. 8, 1997.

    URL: http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=2784832
    Source:

    c. Human sweat contains urea.
    Huang CT, Chen ML, Huang LL, Mao IF. Uric acid and urea in human sweat. The Chinese Journal of Physiology 2002; 45(3):109-15. Abstract available at:

    URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=12817713&dopt=Abstract
    Source:

    d. Human sweat contains ammonia
    Foster KG. Composition of the secretion from the eccrine sweat glands of the cat's foot pad. The Journal of Physiology 1966; 184(1):106-19.
    Available at:

    URL: http://jp.physoc.org/content/184/1/106.full.pdf+html
    Source:

    e. Urea is added to cigarettes
    "R.J. Reynolds List of Ingredients (2008)". R.J. Reynolds.

    URL: http://www.rjrt.com/tobaccoingredients.aspx
  • Fact #226

    As part of a 1982 tobacco company's report on how to get a foothold in the young black menthol market, "they said they'd need a brand with a short, easily pronounced name."

    Fact #226

    • Race
    • marketing
    • quotes

    As part of a 1982 tobacco company's report on how to get a foothold in the young black menthol market, "they said they'd need a brand with a short, easily pronounced name."

    Source:

    NEWPORT SMOKERS
    Date 19821118 (November 18, 1982)
    Type MEMO, MEMORANDUM ; CHAR, CHART/GRAPH
    Bates Previous Bates 1000815235/5240 Next Bates
    Collection Philip Morris
    Pages 6
    Added Ind. 19980605 (June 5, 1998)

    URL: http://legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/ddv54e00/pdf
    Source:

    Source that claims Myron Johnston was a market researcher/statistician for Phillip Morris

    URL: http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php?title=Myron_E._Johnston
    Source:

    "Phillip Morris researcher - Myron Johnston"
    Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids Org. "Tobacco Company Quotes on Marketing to Kids". May 2001.

    URL: http://www.tobaccofreekids.org/research/factsheets/pdf/0114.pdf
  • Fact #78

    In 1989, one tobacco company's ideas for reaching minority customers included to "be seen as a friend," "build on black history", and "help them find jobs."

    Fact #78

    • marketing
    • Race
    • big tobacco

    In 1989, one tobacco company's ideas for reaching minority customers included to "be seen as a friend," "build on black history", and "help them find jobs."

    Source:

    SALEM BLACK INITIATIVE PROGRAM BRAND TEAM IDEATION SESSION, Legacy Tobacco Documents Library, R.J. Reynolds, August 3, 1989. Bates No: 507137652/7666. Access Date: October 23, 2005. Page 4.

    URL: http://bit.ly/N29Ueq
    • stats
    • death
    • disease
    • cancer
    • infographic

    82.4% of lung cancer deaths are attributable to smoking.

    Source:

    50 years of progress: a report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health. p.660.

    URL: http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/reports/50-years-of-progress/
  • Fact #139

    The U.S., China, Russian Federation, Japan, and Indonesia were the top five countries that consumed more than half of the world's cigarettes in 2009.

    Fact #139

    • stats

    The U.S., China, Russian Federation, Japan, and Indonesia were the top five countries that consumed more than half of the world's cigarettes in 2009.

    Source:

    Eriksen, M., Mackay, J L, and Ross, H. The Tobacco Atlas. World Lung Foundation and American Cancer Society, 2012

    URL: http://www.tobaccoatlas.org/harm/deaths/text/
  • Fact #176

    In 1953, Phillip Morris advertised their cigarettes as "the cigarette that takes the FEAR out of smoking."

    Fact #176

    • quotes
    • big tobacco
    • marketing

    In 1953, Phillip Morris advertised their cigarettes as "the cigarette that takes the FEAR out of smoking."

    Source:

    THE CIGARETTE THAT TAKE THE FEAR OUT OF SMOKING. CALL FOR PHILIP MORRIS. American Legacy Documents Database. Bates Number: 2023033214.

    URL: http://legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/zey74e00/pdf
    Source:

    American Legacy Documents Database. Bates number PHIL0920. Added August 27, 2009.

    URL: http://legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/fwa56b00
  • Fact #268

    Exposure to pro-tobacco movies, TV shows, and ads that show tobacco use in a positive way more than doubles your chances of starting smoking.

    Fact #268

    • celebrity
    • entertainment
    • movie

    Exposure to pro-tobacco movies, TV shows, and ads that show tobacco use in a positive way more than doubles your chances of starting smoking.

    Source:

    Wellman RJ, Sugarman DB, et al. The extent to which tobacco marketing and tobacco use in films contribute to children’s use of tobacco. Archive of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine. 2006;160:1285-1296.

    • Tobacco Files
    • quotes
    • Poster

    How do infants avoid secondhand smoke? "At some point they begin to crawl." Tobacco Executive, 1996.

    Source:

    UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, . CA No. 99-2496(GK). March 17, 2005. Plaintiff, 9:32 a.m., v. PHILIP MORRIS USA, et al., Defendants. Washington, D.C.
    Quote from Charles Harper, R.J. Reynolds Chairman. Page 89.

    URL: http://bit.ly/N99gYo
  • Fact #76

    Tobacco companies actually went to court to fight for the right to keep tobacco advertising near high schools. They won. Congrats, Big Tobacco!

    Fact #76

    • big tobacco
    • law suit
    • youth

    Tobacco companies actually went to court to fight for the right to keep tobacco advertising near high schools. They won. Congrats, Big Tobacco!

    Source:

    In the Supreme Court of the United States LORILLARD TOBACCO CO., ET AL., PETITIONERS v. THOMAS F. REILLY, ATTORNEY GENERAL OF MASSACHUSETTS; ALTADIS U.S.A. INC., ETC., ET AL., PETITIONERS v. THOMAS F. REILLY, ATTORNEY GENERAL OF MASSACHUSETTS. Nos. 00-596 and 00-597. 1997. Access Date: June 14, 2005.

    URL: http://supreme.lp.findlaw.com/supreme_court/briefs/00-596/2000-0596.mer.ami.html
  • Fact #93

    In 2008, 48.8% of people for whom their high school diploma was their highest level of educational attainment who have ever smoked reported that they had successfully quit.

    Fact #93

    • stats

    In 2008, 48.8% of people for whom their high school diploma was their highest level of educational attainment who have ever smoked reported that they had successfully quit.

    Source:

    CDC. Cigarette Smoking Among Adults and Trends in Smoking Cessation- United States, 2008. MMWR 2009; 58(44): 1229.

    URL: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5844.pdf
  • Fact #245

    In an effort to market to African Americans in the 80s, one tobacco company said their brand must be seen as authentic "and not as a big white company's tactic to sell to blacks."

    Fact #245

    • Race
    • quotes
    • big tobacco

    In an effort to market to African Americans in the 80s, one tobacco company said their brand must be seen as authentic "and not as a big white company's tactic to sell to blacks."

    Source:

    Salem Black Initiative Program Brand Team Ideation Session." Legacy Tobacco Documents Library. RJ Reynolds. August 13, 1989.

    Source:

    Bates No: 507137652/7666

    URL: http://legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/wug34d00
    • disease
    • Infographic

    Smoking can lead to cataracts, the number one cause of vision loss in the world.

    Source:

    The Health Consequences of Smoking, A Report of the Surgeon General. Chapter 6. Pages 777 and 779.
    Access Date: October 24, 2005

    URL: http://1.usa.gov/ME0QNb
  • Fact #140

    There were 100 million deaths worldwide from tobacco use in the 20th century.

    Fact #140

    • stats
    • death

    There were 100 million deaths worldwide from tobacco use in the 20th century.

    Source:

    Eriksen, M., Mackay, J L, and Ross, H. The Tobacco Atlas. World Lung Foundation and American Cancer Society, 2012

    URL: http://www.tobaccoatlas.org/harm/deaths/text/
  • Fact #29

    Arsenic is in tobacco smoke.

    Fact #29

    • ingredients
    • big tobacco
    • cigarettes

    Arsenic is in tobacco smoke.

    Source:

    NCI. Risks Associated with Smoking Cigarettes with Low Machine-Measured Yields of Tar and Nicotine. Smoking and Tobacco Control Monograph No. 13. Bethesda, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute, NIH Pub. No. 02-5074, October 2001. Page 180 of PDF.

    URL: http://1.usa.gov/XA6OUg
  • Fact #217

    In 2011, tobacco killed nearly 6 million people worldwide.

    Fact #217

    • death
    • stats

    In 2011, tobacco killed nearly 6 million people worldwide.

    Source:

    Eriksen, M., Mackay, J L, and Ross, H. The Tobacco Atlas. World Lung Foundation and American Cancer Society, 2012
    http://www.tobaccoatlas.org/harm/deaths/text/
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20231181

    URL: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs339/en/

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